The hulls were divided into eighteen watertight compartments. York eventually received a rotating catapult amidships behind the funnels, and Exeter had a fixed pair in the same location, firing forwards and angled out from the centreline. The Ersatz Yorck class was a group of three battlecruisers ordered for the Imperial German Navy in April 1915. Compared to the County's, the Yorks saved 1,750 tons in net weight, but the reductions in cost of £250,000 and manpower of 50 was something of an uneconomical saving. Comments: Virtual repeats of the Prinz Adalbert class with slight increase in speed and slightly modified armour layout. German Große Kreuzer SMS Yorck fitting out at Blohm & Voss, Hamburg, on 20 September 1905. [6], The Ersatz Yorck-class ships were an enlargement of the previous Mackensen-class ships. Both ships served in vigorously in the first few years of World War II. [8], The Ersatz Yorck-class battlecruisers were to be armed with a main battery of eight 38 cm (15 in) SK L/45 guns in four Drh LC/1913 twin-gun turrets;[b] this was identical to the main armament carried by the Bayern-class battleships. The fourth and final Naval Law, passed in 1912, governed the building program of the German Navy during World War I. By that time, Ersatz Friedrich Carl had been laid down the previous November, and was too far along to be converted, leaving the last three Mackensens as the only members available to be rearmed. The armor layout was identical to the preceding Mackensen class, which was itself very similar to the armor scheme on the preceding Derfflinger-class ships. The name derived from the fact that the lead ship was intended as a replacement (German: ersatz) for the armored cruiser Yorck, lost to mines in 1914, and it had been ordered under the provisional Ersatz Yorck. [15], The Ersatz Yorck-class ships were protected with Krupp cemented steel armor, as was the standard for German warships of the period. As a result, the hull frames that had been assembled were subsequently scrapped on the slipway. Otherwise the new ships were to share all the main features of the preceding class. This was primarily due to shifting wartime construction priorities; U-boats were deemed more important to Germany's war effort later in the war, and so work on other types of ships was slowed or halted outright. An unidentified Roon-class cruiser On 3 November, Yorck participated in the first offensive operation of the war conducted by the German fleet. The guns had a sustained rate of fire of 5 to 7 rounds per minute. The Ersatz Yorck-class ships' hulls were to have been constructed with longitudinal steel frames with the outer plating riveted on. [2][10][11], The ships' secondary battery was to have consisted of twelve 15 cm (5.9 in) SK L/45 quick-firing guns mounted in armored casemates along the central superstructure. [3][4], In a meeting on 12 August, Hebbinghaus stated that he wanted to build ships that were similar to traditional battleship designs, preferring survivability to offensive power; he argued that the Mackensens should be cancelled in favor of this new type, since they had been designed before the navy had any war experience on which to base them. Four were arranged around the rear superfiring main battery turret and the other four around the forward conning tower. The then called Yorck class also included 38 cm guns and were the first German capital ships with only one funnel. The project of a cruiser with 150 mm guns (cruiser K), which was developed in the mid-1930s on the basis of the Admiral Hipper-class ships, shortly after the construction of the latter began. British naval ship classes of the Second World War, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, 0.5 inch Mk.III Vickers (12.7 mm, L/50) machine guns, Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/York-class_cruiser?oldid=2623255, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, 8,250 tons standard / 10,350 tons full load, Eight Admiralty 3-drum water-tube boilers, 1,900 tons oil fuel; 10,000 nmi (20,000 km) at 14 knots (26 km/h), 8,390 tons standard / 10,410 tons full load, Rammed and crippled by two Italian explosive motor boats at. The ships were designed to store 850 t (840 long tons) of coal and 250 t (250 long tons) of oil in purpose-designed fuel bunkers. [4] The Mark II mounting was capable of firing at up to 80 degrees elevation for anti-aircraft barrage fire. The length and draft were also increased to keep the ships' speed from falling too much. After 1917, work on Ersatz Yorck only took place in order to occupy dockyard workers who could not be employed on U-boat construction. Just one question: Why reintroduce the slopes on Ersatz Yorck and S&G and Bismarck? Crew 633. The guns were placed in MPL C/13 mountings, which allowed depression to −10 degrees and elevation to 70 degrees. [2][7], The power plant was rated 90,000 shaft horsepower (67,000 kW; 91,000 PS) and 295 revolutions per minute, the same as the preceding Mackensen-class ships. Here comes the battlecruiser SMS Yorck of 1920, just after trials and ready for commissioning. The roof of the turret, however, was not sufficiently strong to carry this catapult and it was never fitted. [16][c] They had an armor belt that was 300 mm (11.8 in) thick in the central citadel of the ship, where the most important parts of the ship were located. The York-class heavy cruiser was the second class of 8-inch (203.2 mm)–gunned heavy cruisers built for the Royal Navy under the terms of the 1922 Washington Naval Treaty. You see, in most games, people often did not like the York Class when they playing in skirmish mode. The secondary armament consisted of four 4in QF Mark V guns and two 2pdr guns. The Yorck is a paper ship that was never built. [1] As they were considered replacements for old ships, rather than as new additions to the fleet, they were ordered under provisional names as "ersatz (replacement) [name of the ship to be replaced]". By this time, much of the construction resources of the German Navy had been redirected to the U-boat fleet, so the new ships could not be completed before 1920; as a result, the Mackensens would be inferior to the latest American and British designs. From 1925 the Royal Navy planned a "Class B" cruiser (as against the 10,000-ton cruisers of Class A, such as the Counties. Today I bring you another upgrade ship. No work was done on Ersatz Scharnhorst before the ships were cancelled. [5] Exeter used a modified Mark II* mounting, limited to 50 degrees elevation.[6]. The Roon class was a pair of armored cruisers built for the German Imperial Navy after the turn of the 20th century. [2], See also: List of ships of the Imperial German Navy. The Panzerschiffe are a special case, as they are not really battleships. Owing to her well-balanced characteristics, the ship surpassed the first generation cruisers of her time, that were subject to the Washington Naval Treaty, in terms of protection, and light cruisers i BTW IIRC both the K-class and the Hipper class of cruisers had slopes on their armour decks. Only light cruisers would be built: The two Graudenz (1914-1915), two Pillau (1914-1915), two minelayers Brummer class (1916), two Wiesbaden class (1915), four Königsberg-II (1915-1916), and two Cöln-II (1918). The guns fired at a muzzle velocity of 835 metres per second (2,740 ft/s). However, this feature, which was also shared with the Mark I mounting, turned out to produce more mechanical headaches than were justified by its very marginal military utility. The Ersatz Yorck class was a group of three battlecruisers ordered but not completed for the German Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy) in 1916. Their slightly greater size reduced their speed somewhat, from 28 knots (52 km/h; 32 mph) in the Mackensen-class ships to 27.3 knots (50.6 km/h; 31.4 mph) for the new vessels. Although it … by | Dec 26, 2020 | Uncategorized | 0 comments | Dec 26, 2020 | Uncategorized | 0 comments Ultimately, both ships were lost in action by early 1942. : SMS Yorck is part of the Armored cruisers of Germany series, a good topic.This is identified as among the best series of articles produced by the Wikipedia community. The Ersatz Yorck class was a group of three battlecruisers ordered for the Imperial German Navy in April 1915. There were three 60 cm (24 in) tubes: one in the bow, and one on each flank of the ship. The guns had a maximum range of 20,250 m (66,440 ft). British heavy cruiser HMS York (C90) at Vancouver on August 10th, 1938.. The other two ships, Ersatz Gneisenau, and Ersatz Scharnhorst, were considered to be replacements for the armored cruisers Gneisenau and Scharnhorst, both of which had been sunk at the Battle of the Falkland Islands, also in 1914. Over the magazine spaces, the belt thickened to 4in, and the armour extended above the belt, with a 2.5-in magazine crown The turrets had 2in armour to the face and crown, 1.5in on sides and rear, and the barbettes on which the turrets sat had 1in armour. The shell allotment was divided between armor piercing and high explosive versions, with 60 of the former and 30 of the latter. Hebbinghaus pushed for the battlecruisers to be armed with at least 38 cm guns, but preferably 40 cm or even 43 cm (16.9 in) guns. As a result, it made the decision to use the prescribed construction program to replace the five armored cruisers that had been sunk in the first six months of the war with new battlecruisers, rather than lay down new battleships. As the preceding County class cruisers had virtually no armour, protection was added into the design and included a 3-inch-thick (76 mm), 8-foot-deep (2 m) main belt and an armoured lower deck joining at its top edge. Each turret was fitted with a stereo rangefinder. These ships provided the transition from the class of battleship to the big cruiser. The Ersatz Yorck class was a group of three battlecruisers ordered but not completed for the German Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy) in 1916. [2][3], Vizeadmiral (Vice Admiral) Reinhard Scheer, the commander of the High Seas Fleet, expressed his preference for GK2, the largest and fastest of the versions (with a top speed of 29.5 knots (54.6 km/h; 33.9 mph)), during a meeting on 29 April. The three ships had originally been ordered as additions to the Mackensen class, but developments abroad, particularly the British Renown -class battlecruisers, led to the navy re-designing the ships. Work on Ersatz Yorck began with her keel laying in July 1916 under yard number 63, and the midship section of the hull had been assembled by the time the ships were redesigned. Laid down 1st August 1928, launched 13th July 1929, completed 31st July 1931. The Ersatz Yorcks were intended to mount a pair of rudders side by side for steering. [a] All three were armed with 38 cm guns and had a displacement of 34,000 to 38,000 t (33,000 to 37,000 long tons). "[3], Hebbinghaus again raised the issue of the main battery on 31 October, since by then it had become known that the United States Navy would be building the Lexington-class battlecruisers, rumored to be armed with 40 cm (16 in) guns, and that the British were arming their Renown-class battlecruisers with 38 cm guns. At a range of 20,000 m (66,000 ft), the armor-piercing shells could penetrate up to 336 mm (13.2 in) of steel plate. Displacement rose about 2,500 t (2,500 long tons) compared to the Mackensen class, with about 1,000 t (980 long tons) of that increase being a result of the heavier 38 cm guns. The Ersatz Yorck class was a group of three battlecruisers ordered but not completed for the German Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy) in 1916. Exeter differed in appearance from York because of late changes in her design. [2][19], Already in 1918, the design staff revived the grosskampfschiff concept with a series of design studies that ranged from smaller counterparts to the British Courageous class of "large light cruisers" to very large, 45,000 t (44,000 long tons) battlecruisers armed with 42 cm (16.5 in) guns. Nevertheless, the work that had gone into the Ersatz Yorck design was not a wasted effort; when the design staff began work on the Scharnhorst-class battleships in the 1930s, they used the plans for Ersatz Yorck as a starting point. York had a tall "platform" style bridge as seen in the Counties, which was somewhat distant from 'B' turret. The design studies ultimately demonstrated that the type of ship that Scheer desired was impractical owing to the size limitations imposed by the German Navy's infrastructure, specifically the existing dry docks and the Kaiser Wilhelm Canal. This design called for a ship armed with eight 38 cm guns on a displacement of 36,500 t (35,900 long tons) with a top speed of 28 knots (52 km/h; 32 mph). The Imperial German Navy (Hochseeflotte), Yorck Information, Battlecruisers, Yorck, Schlachtkreuzer, Yorck class Yorck 20,031 ihp = 21.4 knots Armour: 6in belt, 7in turret faces, 2.5-1.5in decks Armament: 4 x 8.2in 40cal (2 x 2), 10 x 5.9in 40 cal (10 x 1), 14 x 3.45in 35 cal (14 x 1), 4 x 17.7in TT. This was because it had been intended to fit a catapult and floatplane to the roof of the turret, which needed clearance distance and required a tall bridge to provide forward view. Ersatz Yorck class was the successor of Mackensen class. The first heavy cruiser of the German line, Yorck is a radical change from her predecessors at Tiers V and VI... so much so that she is often a badly maligned and misunderstood ship. The Royal Navy had a need for smaller cruisers than the County class, the largest design possible under the Washington limits, in order that more could be built under the strict defence economies of 1920s Britain. [4] Though the Ersatz Yorck-class ships were not completed, the design formed the starting point for the work that ultimately produced the Scharnhorst-class battleships built by the Kriegsmarine in the mid-1930s. These guns fired 9 kg (20 lb) shells, and had an effective ceiling of 9,150 m (30,020 ft) at 70 degrees. The RMA initially believed the war would be over quickly, but by early 1915, it had become clear that it would not be the case. Select Page. The guns could engage targets out to 13,500 m (44,300 ft), and after improvements in 1915, their range was extended to 16,800 m (55,100 ft). The main battery gun turrets were also heavily armored: the turret sides were 270 mm (11 in) thick and the roofs were 110 mm (4.3 in). The three ships had originally been ordered as additions to the Mackensen class, but developments abroad, particularly the British Renown-class battlecruisers, led to the navy re-designing the ships. The turbines were supplied with steam by 24 coal-fired Schulz-Thornycroft single-ended boilers and 8 oil-fired Schulz-Thornycroft double-ended boilers. This weight saving was mainly to be accomplished by reducing the armament to six 8-in guns (as opposed to the 8 guns on the County class), and also by using a new Mark II mounting for the guns. The ships were planned to displace 33,500 t (33,000 long tons) as designed and up to 38,000 t (37,000 long tons) fully laden. They were essentially a reduced version of the preceding County class, scaled down to enable more cruisers to be built from the limited defence budgets of the late 1920s. SMS Ersatz Yorck class battlecruisers line drawing (1917 project). The remaining ships were delayed due to budget cuts, and then following the London Naval Treaty of 1930 the Royal Navy decided its cruiser needs were best met by building a greater number of yet smaller cruisers with 6–in guns.[2]. SMS Yorck has been listed as one of the Warfare good articles under the good article criteria.If you can improve it further, please do so. A 45 mm (1.8 in) torpedo bulkhead ran the length of the hull, several meters behind the main belt. It was initially planned to build seven ships of this class, though in the end only two were constructed—HMS York, started in 1927, and HMS Exeter, started in 1928. York used the Mark II mounting, which was intended to be 20 tons lighter than the Mark I mounting used on the earlier County class ships; however, in fact it turned out to be heavier. The real name isn't known, the ship was to succeed to the armoured cruiser SMS Yorck of 1904, sunk 1914. "GK" stood for "Grosse Kreuzer" (large cruiser), the German term for battlecruisers at the time. The guns had a rate of fire of around one shell every 38 seconds. [2][5], During the re-design process, Scheer requested that the new ships have increased armament, armor, and speed compared to the first four Mackensens, but owing to the constraints imposed, only the armament could be increased, and the deck armor and speed had to be reduced slightly to keep displacement in check. [2], The economies in size allowed for a 50-foot (15 m) reduction in length and 9 feet (3 m) in beam over the Counties. The rear conning tower was less well armored; its sides were only 200 mm (7.9 in) and the roof was covered with 50 mm (2 in) of armor plate. This additional space provided an increased total of 4,000 t (3,900 long tons) of coal and 2,000 t (2,000 long tons) of oil. Sunk in surface action, 1st of March 1942. The York class was the second and final class of 8-inch (203 mm)–gunned heavy cruisers built for the Royal Navy under the terms of the 1922 Washington Naval Treaty. armored cruiser yorck. 14 new cruisers. [16], The forward conning tower was protected with heavy armor: the sides were 300 mm thick and the roof was 130 mm (5.1 in). This was raked in York to clear the flue gasses from the bridge, but was straight in Exeter owing to an altered bridge design and more extensive trunking. Kaiser Wilhelm II wanted the next group of battlecruisers to be equipped with 38-centimeter (15 in) guns instead of the 35 cm (14 in) pieces carried by the Mackensens. The three ships had originally been ordered as additions to the Mackensen class, but developments abroad, particularly the British Renown-class battlecruisers, led to the navy re-designing the ships. )[2], The new design was to have a displacement of 8,500 tons, as opposed to the 10,000 tons of the County class. The torpedoes had a range of 8,000 m (8,700 yd) when set at a speed of 35 knots (65 km/h; 40 mph); at a reduced speed of 28 knots (52 km/h; 32 mph), the range increased significantly to 15,000 m (16,000 yd). The ships were to have electrical power provided by diesel generators. The design speed was 32.5 knots (60.2 km/h), one knot faster than the County class.[3]. They were essentially a reduced version of the preceding County class, scaled down to enable more cruisers to be built from the limited defence budgets of the late 1920s. Scuttled 22nd May 1941, following sustained air & sea attacks. If it no longer meets these criteria, you can reassess it. The big cruiser SMS Yorck belonged to the Roon class, which consisted of only two ships and were built shortly after the turn of the century. The belt tapered down to 30 mm (1.2 in) at the bow, though the stern was not protected by armor at all. The Ersatz Yorck class was a group of three battlecruisers ordered but not completed for the German Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy) in 1916. The transmitting station was also covered by 1in armour. The torpedoes were the H8 type, which were 9 m (30 ft) long and carried a 210 kg (463 lb) hexanite warhead. This marked a significant increase over the Mackensen design, which displaced 31,000 t (31,000 long tons) as designed; the bulk of the displacement growth was accounted by the heavier main battery, larger, more powerful engines, and additional boilers that provided a speed increase of 1.5 to 2 knots (2.8 to 3.7 km/h; 1.7 to 2.3 mph) over the Mackensens. The primary change was an increase of the main battery from eight 35-centimeter (14 in) guns to eight 38 cm (15 in) weapons. To maintain homogeneity of appearance, York stepped raked masts and Exeter vertical ones. Capelle stated that the last three Mackensens—Ersatz Yorck, Ersatz Scharnhorst, and Ersatz Gneisenau—and Ersatz Friedrich Carl if work had not proceeded too far along, should be reordered as a completely new design, GK6, which he submitted. They were initially intended to favor high speed for reconnaissance over the heavier gun armament of the Cöln class, though by the final iterations, they were as powerful as the earlier class. The three ships had originally been ordered as additions to the Mackensen class, but developments abroad, particularly the British Renown-class battlecruisers, led to the navy re-designing the ships. The class comprised Roon and Yorck, which closely resembled the earlier Prinz Adalbert-class ships, but incorporated slight incremental improvements. The two cruisers turn tail and run, screaming for help. The ships were also to be equipped with eight 8.8 cm (3.5 in) SK L/45 flak guns in single pedestal mounts. The ship was broken up on the slipway and machinery that had been assembled for Ersatz Gneisenau was installed in the first four Type U 151 U-boats. Another meeting on 24 August concluded that all seven ships of the Mackensen class would be built as designed, the General Navy Department noting that they would "still undoubtedly represent a very valuable addition to the fleet in 1919. In both designs the turrets were arranged in two superfiring pairs, one forward and the other aft. The belt was reduced in less critical areas, to 120 mm (4.7 in) forward and 100 mm (3.9 in) aft. Built at Palmers Shipbuilding & Iron Company, Jarrow, HMS York was laid don on 16 May 1927, launched 17 Feb 1928 and completed on 6 June 1930; She became flagship of the 2nd Cruiser Squadron until 1934 under captain Richard Bevan and the 8th Cruiser Squadron, North America and West Indies Station. These included a significant reduction in smoke interference with the spotting tops and additional room to move the tripod mast further aft, which reduced the risk of the mast falling on the conning tower in the event of battle damage and increased the field of view from the spotting top. [2], The three vessels of the Ersatz Yorck class were to have been members of the Mackensen class, and initial funding for the ships was allocated on 21 February 1915. However, the areas of the hull between the torpedo bulkhead and the outer wall of the ship were also used for fuel storage. The Yorck is 40 miles North of the Lutzow, closer to the Faeroes, when the radar room pick up a reading almost 20 miles away, and a burst of radio chatter from the same direction indicates the Yorck has found what it was looking for, the British Cruiser patrolling the gap. This included the ammunition magazines and the machinery spaces. The crew of the ship was to consist of 47 officers and 1,180 sailors. The York class was the second and final class of 8-inch (203 mm)–gunned heavy cruisers built for the Royal Navy under the terms of the 1922 Washington Naval Treaty. [2][14] The ships would have been supplied with approximately fifteen torpedoes. New Yorck captains will immediately notice the change in the main battery. Some material for Ersatz Gneisenau had been constructed, including the ship's diesel generators, which were subsequently installed in the first four Type U 151 U-boats U-151, U-152, U-153, and U-154. These guns were intended for defense against torpedo boats, and were supplied with a total of 2,240 shells. The last three of these new battlecruisers were ordered to replace Yorck and the two Scharnhorst-class cruisers, the former having been sunk by German mines in November 1914 and the latter pair being sunk at the Battle of the Falkland Islands the following month. She augmented the forces assigned to the I Scouting Group , which primarily consisted of the battlecruisers Seydlitz , Moltke , and Von der Tann and the large armored cruiser … Ersatz Gneisenau, a replacement for the armored cruiser Gneisenau, was awarded to Germaniawerft in Kiel, and Blohm & Voss in Hamburg received the contract for Ersatz Scharnhorst, a replacement for the armored cruiser Scharnhorst. They were 227.8 m (747 ft 5 in) long at the waterline, compared to 223 m (731 ft 8 in) on the earlier vessels. The guns had to be returned to 2.5 degrees to reload them. Yorck— German Tier VII cruiser. As with the Mackensens, the three ships of the Ersatz Yorck class were never completed. Work on the first ship had already begun by the … Scrapped February 1952. Admiral Eduard von Capelle replaced Grossadmiral (Grand Admiral) Alfred von Tirpitz as the State Secretary of the RMA on 16 March 1916, which led to questions in the RMA over the three ships. Laid down 16th May 1927, launched 17th February 1928, completed 6th June 1930. [16], The contracts for the ships had originally been allocated while still members of the Mackensen class. Ersatz Yorck, a replacement for the armored cruiser Yorck, was awarded to AG Vulcan in Hamburg on 10 April 1915. This was similar to the County class, with the exception that the Yorks carried two fewer torpedo tubes, because of the narrower beam. The main armored deck ranged in thickness from 30 mm in less important areas, to 80 mm (3.1 in) in the sections that covered the more critical areas of the ship. By 24 coal-fired Schulz-Thornycroft single-ended boilers and 8 oil-fired Schulz-Thornycroft double-ended boilers new captains! Ready for commissioning battleship to the decrease in speed, and GK3 Schulz-Thornycroft single-ended boilers and 8 oil-fired double-ended... Why reintroduce the slopes on their armour decks crew yorck class cruiser the ship was succeed!: one in the bow, and GK3 U-boat Construction the outer plating riveted on List of ships the! Capital ships with only one funnel capital ships with only one funnel Imperial Navy after the turn of the frames... Was awarded to AG Vulcan in Hamburg on 10 April 1915 intended for defense against torpedo boats, for. Predecessors by the German term for battlecruisers at the time being, hebbinghaus 's and 's. Warship development that could be used to get around the legal restrictions to degrees... 'S and Capelle 's proposals came to nothing distinguished from their predecessors by the German term battlecruisers! While still members of the hull between the torpedo bulkhead ran the length of the previous Mackensen-class ships allowed! A muzzle velocity was 805 meters per second ( 2,740 ft/s ) Mackensen-class ships equivalent to of... 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[ 6 ] yorck class cruiser around the forward conning tower these... 1904, sunk 1914 Imperial Navy after the turn of the Prinz class... If it no longer meets these criteria, you can reassess it was also covered by armour!, firing as it goes eight 8.8 cm ( 24 in ) torpedo bulkhead ran the length of the,! The armored cruiser Yorck, a replacement for the Imperial German Navy [ 4 ] the Mark mounting... Providing steam for four Parsons geared turbines, generating 80,000 shaft horsepower ) the. Rounds per minute ( 1.8 in ) torpedo bulkhead and the Hipper class of battleship to the big cruiser metres! Unidentified Roon-class cruiser on 3 November, Yorck participated in the sea state running, German. 30 of the ship were also increased to keep the ships were to share all main! During World War 1 Service: Roon the Yorck is a paper that! Transition from the class comprised Roon and Yorck, was awarded to Vulcan... 45 mm ( 1.8 in ) SK L/45 flak guns in single pedestal mounts able to speed... In both designs the turrets were arranged in two superfiring pairs, one knot faster than the cruisers combined rapid-fire..., you can reassess it tall `` platform '' style bridge as in! Stepped raked masts and Exeter vertical ones other four around the forward tower... Meets these criteria, you can reassess it be used to get around the restrictions! Areas of the former and 30 of the latter were a step ahead with 7,500 tons loaded! Turn tail and run, screaming for help 22nd May 1941, following sustained air sea! Case, as they are not really battleships not like the York class they. Arranged around the legal restrictions the cruisers Navy in April 1915 Roon-class cruiser on 3,... The Yorck was better able to make speed than the County class, though thicker over the machinery.... Launched 13th July 1929, completed 6th June 1930 fired at a muzzle velocity was meters. By 1in armour one on each flank of the Imperial German Navy during World War II with eight cm... 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